The Harlem Renaissance

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Night club in Harlem, for African-Americans entertainers.
  • The Harlem Renaissance was the time when the African-American cultural revolution settle in Harlem, New York. 
  • Between 1910 and 1920, hundreds of African-Americans moved from the South to the North, this was a movement known as the Great Migration.
  • This movement first called the New Negro Movement or New Negro Renaissance, was a artistic and literary movement to celebrate the African-American culture.
  • The goals of the Harlem Renaissance were to reform the African-American community in areas such as literature, music, art, and politics.
  • Mostly, the Harlem Renaissance was a literary movement, that was led by middle-class and well educated African-Americans.
  • African-American performers made an impact on the movement in 1921 when Shuffle Along was launched, a black musical comedy.
  • The term New Negro movement was founded by Hubert Harrison. But was made popular by Alain Locke.
  • New Negro Movement affected the lives of African-Americans, making a great significance. Despite of the significanse on the term "New Negro" (many people considered it optimistic).
  • It is to be said that the African-American music, entertainment, art, etc. became more popular around, until the white audience became interest by it, and started to buy it.

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Paint by Palmer Hayden, watercolor on paper.
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Supporters of Marcus Garvey in Harlem.
  • African-Americans became a much more stronger characters. Their culture was heard and it made a great impact on history, they showed a complete different side of the African-American people.
  • The Harlem Renaissance represented a part of great cultural and social changes.
  • This time period was characterized by new ideas, changing values, and personal freedom.
  • Most of the social changes were lasting.

Bibliography

The New Negro: An Interpretation, Alain Locke, Ayer Co. Pub., Reprint edition, 1968

Harlem Renaissance, Nathan Irving Huggins, Oxford University Press, 1972

From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans, John Hope Franklin, Author, Alfred A. Moss, Jr., Author, Knopf, 8 Sub edition, 2000

Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Developments (The History of Jazz), by Gunther Schuller, Oxford University Press, USA, 1968

Jazz in Black and White: Race, Culture, and Identity in the Jazz Community, Charlie Gerard, Praeger Publishers, 1998

Jazz: The First Century, John Edward Hasse, Editor, Ted Lathrop, Author, William Morrow, 1 edition, 2000

Andrews, William L.; Foster, Frances S.; Harris, Trudier eds. 
The Concise Oxford Companion To African American Literature. New York: Oxford Press, 2001

Ostrom, Hans and J. David Macey, eds. 
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Literature. 5 volumes. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2005.

Soto, Michael, ed. 
Teaching The Harlem Renaissance. New York: Peter Lang, 2008.

Tracy, Steven C. 
Langston Hughes and the Blues. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.








Created by: Valentina Franco and Gabriela Gibaja. 02/06/2011